Crime and Punishment Act, 2027

Lot of women are not aware of this, but there is an Act in Nepal called Crime and Punishment Act, 2027 that protects women if they encounter street harassment in public spaces.
This Act states that:

2. Prohibition to commit some public crime:

(g) To insult women in public place by committing molestation (Hatapata)
(h) To make undue behavior in public place
(i) To hinder or obstruct anyone or to stop his/her pathway or passage in a condition when he/she is staying anywhere or walking on the road or traveling by any vehicle, or to commit,riot,molestation,battery,nuisance or misconduct; or to capture or damage any property or vehicle of such person having with him/her in the said condition with keeping intention to harass or cause trouble him/her;
(j) To threat or scold or tease or to commit any undue act or to express any undue thing to do anyone through telephone, letter or any other means or medium with keeping intention to intimidate, terrorize or cause trouble or to insult or defame or harass to him/her.
(k) To commit any act or express anything, which causes intimidation or terror in general public and breaks public peace, by entering or not entering in any public gathering, assembly or demonstration; or to show weapon.

6. Penalty

1) In a case tried under this Act, the Chief District Officer may, upon depending on the gravity of the offence, impose a fine up to Ten Thousand Rupees to the offender and order the offender to provide compensation to the victim as per the actual damage, loss, injury etc; and issue an order of detention to keep the offender in a custody for a period not exceeding Thirty Five days if finds reasonable ground or cause in the course of investigation upon mentioning the cause thereof in the order. Such case shall be decided within a period of Three months. Provided that, if the Chief District Officer finds reasons to impose imprisonment for a period not exceeding Two years. The Court of Appeal shall decide the matter in such case.

2) Adjudicating Authority may, by considering the gravity of the offence, release the offender if it is proved that he/she has committed the offence for the first time, without imposing the penalty pursuant to Sub-section
1) upon causing him/her to sign on a document which reads that the offender pledge not to commit such offence again from the date onwards.